Relativists swear upon the accuracy of atomic clocks repeatedly to prove time dilation. They think that atomic clocks do not get affected by the physical environment unlike the older type clocks, and they swear that atomic clocks measure time perfectly.
According to the relativists, if two atomic clocks showed two different readings, it is not because one of them malfunctioned or slowed by the ‘environment’, but it is proof that Time ran differently to each of them.
If an atomic clock stops showing time when it is thrown into a furnace, then relativists argue that as proof that ‘Time’ has come to a halt in the furnace. And if the atomic clock ‘disappears’ inside the fumes of the Sun, it is proof that Time is running backwards in the Sun. We the ignorant may think that the atomic clock got spoiled (inside the furnace) or turned into fumes (in the Sun).
Even relativists (the weirdest thinkers on earth, who believe that speed of light is constant) confess that frequency of light gets affected by gravity and relative motion. So, even the most fundamental matter gets affected by gravity and motion but not the atomic clocks! May be the clocks are made of some divine matter!
My non-relativistic brain can’t digest this. It believes in ‘universality of Time’ and believes that clocks get ‘retarded’ by gravity but not the Time itself. When electromagnetic radiation can get affected by gravity, why not the atomic clocks? Clocks which are made up of matter must get affected by gravity and relative motion and hence are ought to ‘tick’ differently. After all, how can these ‘material clocks’ challenge the universality of Time?
An analogy may be drawn between weighing machines and clocks.
If some mass weighs 6kg on earth and only 1kg on moon, we wouldn’t say that the mass is ‘shrunken’ and hence mass is a relative thing. We know that weighing machines (and hence weights) get affected by gravity. It is nothing to do with the accuracy of the machine.
Likewise, if a clock measures 60 seconds on Moon, it may measure fewer seconds on Earth for the same duration of Time. It doesn’t mean that Time has actually dilated but it is due the fact the clock gets affected by gravity. Instead of tampering the absolute Time, one may introduce something like ‘timeness’ (analogous to ‘weight’) to account for the measured difference in time in different gravitational fields (and accelerated states).
Let me put the analogy in a simpler way.
Mass (Absolute thing)—-has relation with—-Weight (relative thing)—- measured by Weighing Machines and affected by Gravity
Time (absolute)— has relation with—‘Timeness’ (relative)—-measured by Clocks and affected by Gravity
So Time (like Mass) is absolute and what varies with gravity is ‘Timeness’ (like Weight).
If slowing of a clock is time dilation-
Then you may also believe a ‘stretched’ elastic measuring stick as proof of space dilation. And if the same stick is bent, you may consider that as proof of curved space.
If we throw a metal scale of 100cm into a furnace, the same scale may expand and measure 110cm, but this doesn’t mean that the space itself is dilated in the furnace. (Similarly if you try to measure the distances inside the Sun using the same scale, the scales’ particles may diffuse throughout the Sun and you may claim that the entire Sun measures just 100cm because of the phenomenon of space dilation)
Though we use a measuring stick or tape to measure space/distance, we want this scale not to get affected by the physical environment for us to consider this as a standard scale or an ideal scale.
Of course we may not find an ideal stick that accurately measures distances everywhere in the universe without getting affected by the physical environment (including gravity, temperature, stretching etc). But that is our limitation as humans and it is ridiculous to consider this stretching /lengthening of our measuring sticks as proof of space contraction or dilation.
Our limitation and ignorance can’t be described as a fundamental character of the nature (unlike what the quantum physicists claim).
We measure time by observing some physical process. This physical process can be ripening of a fruit, aging of a human being, movement of a pendulum clock or the ‘tick’ of an atomic clock. But what we want is – this physical process shouldn’t get affected by the physical environment for us to consider that as an ideal clock.
Ripening of a fruit may be a rough measure of time, as is aging of a human being but these get affected by so many other factors in the environment. So you know we can’t rely on them to measure time. Our pendulum clock is obviously much better than looking at a fruit to know the time. Atomic clocks are probably more accurate than the pendulum clocks. But there is no reason to believe slowing of the physical process underlying the atomic clock as slowing of Time itself.
If slowing of a physical process is what time dilation is, then why would the relativists draw weird conclusions out of the cosmic ray muons to prove that? One can just open a fridge and prove time dilation by looking at the food that didn’t get rotten even after a month!!! (and even publish the data for the sake of those who believe only in published evidence).
Moreover, not all clocks get affected similarly by gravity: Atomic clocks tick slowly and pendulum clocks go fast with increasing gravity. Both clocks have their own underlying physical process to measure time. On whose physical process we should swear upon to prove time dilation?
So, it is ridiculous to believe slowing of clocks as fundamentally same as time dilation.
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